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三体1:农场主假说

农场主假说

农场主假说出自科幻巨著《三体》第一部第3章:射手和农场主。

描写男主角 汪淼的日常时提到的,原文说是“科学边界”组织的学者们进行讨论时,经常讨论的一个缩写词:SF。源自两个假说,都涉及到宇宙规律的本质。

一个是“射手假说”,另一个是“农场主假说“

农场主假说:一个农场里有一群火鸡,农场主每天上午11点来给它们喂食。火鸡中的一名科学家观察这个现象,一直观察了近一年都没有出现例外,于是它也发现了自己宇宙中的伟大定律:每天早上11点,就有食物降临。 它在感恩节早晨向大家宣布了这个定律,但这天早上11点食物没有降临,农场主进来把他们都捉去杀了。

农场主理论的原型是罗素的火鸡理论。如下。

The turkey found that, on his first morning at the turkey farm, that he was fed at 9 a.m. Being a good inductivist turkey he did not jump to conclusions. He waited until he collected a large number of observations that he was fed at 9 a.m. and made these observations under a wide range of circumstances … Each day he added another observation statement to his list. Finally he was satisfied that he had collected a number of observation statements to inductively infer that “I am always fed at 9 a.m.”. However on the morning of Christmas eve he was not fed but instead had his throat cut. (The story by Russell is found in Alan Chalmers,What is this thing Called Science, Open University Press, Milton Keynes, 1982, p. 14)

三体1/农场主假说.txt · 最后更改: 2016/08/14 11:54 (外部编辑)